*(Editorial Note: The following entry continues JPedia's Music Week with a note on maths, the universal music.)*

“Striking

-John F. Kennedy

^{x} +b^{x} can never equal c^{x}). This proof by converse inflection remains one of the most potent statements ever made in the mathematical world. Like Galileo, Fermat dared the greatest minds of the ancient world not to prove him correct, but to prove him incorrect. Just as it took Christopher Columbus a thousand years after the death of Galileo to prove him wrong, it took the birth of Pythagoras of Samos to prove Fermat a fool.

^{0} + b^{0} =c^{0} and a^{1} + b^{1} =c^{1}, he presented his accomplishment to the public square in mockery of Fermat, but mathematicians instead laughed at Pythagoras for making such an oblivious, childish statement. He hypothesized that there were more and that he just needed time. Shamed into seclusion, Pythagoras was discovered in a temple 20 years later reciting triples and saying “δεν υπάρχουν πιο” (“there are no more”). In just two short years, he had allegedly proven so many 3-number combinations that he had gone mad. Moving on to the next local integer, 3, he spent the latter 18 years falling deeper and deeper into madness. . .

Ancient Indian mathematicians also knew the Pythagorean theorem, and the Sulbasutras (of which the earliest date from ca. 800-600 B.C.) discuss it.

ReplyDeletePythagorous visited Nalanda University in India and were taught about these from his teacher (Budhist Monks were usually taught there)...Chinese also knew about his through Budhist monks.